Short for Internet Protocol, IP is an address of a computer or other network device on a network using IP or TCP/IP . For example, the number “220.127.116.11” is an example of such an address. These addresses are similar to addresses used on houses and help data reach its appropriate destination on a network.
There are five classes of available IP ranges: Class A, Class B, Class C, Class D and Class E, while only A, B and C are commonly used. Each class allows for a range of valid IP addresses. Below is a listing of these addresses.
|Class A||18.104.22.168 to 22.214.171.124||Supports 16 million hosts on each of 127 networks.|
|Class B||126.96.36.199 to 188.8.131.52||Supports 65,000 hosts on each of 16,000 networks.|
|Class C||184.108.40.206 to 220.127.116.11||Supports 254 hosts on each of 2 million networks.|
|Class D||18.104.22.168 to 22.214.171.124||Reserved for multicast groups.|
|Class E||240.0.0.0 to 254.255.255.254||Reserved.|
What is MAC address?
In computer networking, a Media Access Control address (MAC address), Ethernet Hardware Address (EHA), hardware address, adapter address or physical address is a quasi-unique identifier assigned to most network adapters or network interface cards (NICs) by the manufacturer for identification. If assigned by the manufacturer, a MAC address usually encodes the manufacturer’s registered identification number.
Three numbering spaces, managed by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE), are in common use for formulating a MAC address